Rugby World Cup 2023 ‘wide open’, Says Renowned Coach

  • Respected coach Stuart Lancaster believes forecasting this year’s Rugby World Cup champion in France is a challenge.
  • The ex-England guide remarks that the Boks stand as a formidable team.
  • However, he emphasized that Scotland, South Africa’s competitor in Pool B, presents a significant challenge.
  • For additional sports updates, visit the News24 Sports homepage.
  • To place bets for the Rugby World Cup tournament, you can visit the official Sbobet website at You can predict the match scores, which team will win, or who will score a goal. On this site, other sports betting options are available, one of which is soccer.

As the pulse of the Rugby World Cup starts racing in France, Stuart Lancaster, the former England coach, will be keenly observing. An astonishing 11 players from his current team, Racing 92, might take to the field.

Discussing the tournament’s dynamics, he conveyed to AFP, “The possibilities are endless,” further emphasizing how “France’s enthusiasm is set to electrify the event.”

Lancaster’s journey, marked by an early stint as a Scotland youth international, saw him recently shift to the club in Paris’s outskirts after a notable seven-year tenure at Leinster in Ireland.

With Racing preparing to begin their run, minus 11 of their World Cup stars, against Bordeaux-Begles this Saturday, it’s just a trilogy of Top 14 clashes before the league takes a hiatus till October 29.

Countries like France, Wales, England, South Africa, Fiji, and Georgia are boasting Racing athletes in their lineup. Among them are a few of Racing’s sensational new additions, not forgetting South Africa’s World Cup 2019 victor, Siya Kolisi, who’s gearing up post-injury.

Being pragmatic, Lancaster acknowledges potential setbacks during the contest. Referring to France’s Romain Ntamack’s recent knee setback, he points out that, “He won’t be the last.”

Lancaster underscores the importance of having a robust backup, mentioning, “A deep bench, rich in talent, could be the deciding factor as the finale nears.”

Being let go post the 2015 England team’s pool stage exit, Lancaster remains circumspect about favoring any team. Though he initiated with Scotland, citing, “They’re in top form now.”

“I’ve trained several Irish players, and they, along with host France, look formidable from the northern hemisphere,” he adds.

Looking southward, Lancaster mentions, “The All Blacks are showcasing growing strengths in the Rugby Championship. South Africa is a powerhouse, while Australia’s recent win over New Zealand was a masterclass.”

He, however, reflects on rugby’s unpredictability, saying, “A single game can pivot in so many unexpected directions, from referee decisions, unanticipated card penalties to mere luck.”

Highlighting the emerging teams, he shares, “Tier two nations could steer the outcomes. They might not clinch the title, but with revised eligibility norms, nations like Tonga, Samoa, and Fiji seem promising.”

Amidst the World Cup’s frenzy, Lancaster is acclimating to France – from mastering the language and settling into a new home to “navigating the right side of the road.” Embracing the change, he admits, “It’s enriching and challenging in equal measure.”

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South Africa’s Controversial ‘Race Quota’ Law Sparked Debate and Protests

Years after apartheid was abolished, the shadow of inequality looms large, with nearly 40% of the Black population in South Africa facing unemployment.

This week saw the emergence of a heated public discourse and protests led by the primary opposition, following the introduction of a novel law aimed at bridging the racial, economic divide in South Africa—a nation still grappling with profound social disparities.

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa gave his assent to the Employment Equity Amendment, Bill of 2020 on April 12. The bill presents “equity targets” to expedite the process of achieving racial balance, especially in the corporate realm.

This legislative move aligns with the government’s dedication to “ushering in enhanced diversity and equality in professional environments.” Evoking the spirit of Black Economic Empowerment, this act, too, is rooted in the vision to economically uplift the Black community of South Africa, who faced systemic discrimination during the apartheid era.

However, the grim reality persists. Labelled by the World Bank as having “some of the most stubborn and entrenched inequality indices globally,” this inequality is a residual effect of a history marred by exclusion.

In 2023’s initial quarter, official data painted a stark disparity: while unemployment soared at close to 40% for Black South Africans, white counterparts had a mere 7.5% unemployment rate.

The corporate world mirrors this imbalance. Despite constituting 80% of the potential workforce, Black individuals occupy a meager 16.9% of premier managerial positions. In contrast, white individuals, representing roughly 8% of the employable demographic, claim a staggering 62.9% of these roles.

Reflecting on the persistent disparities, Masilo Lefika from the Department of Employment and Labour commented on the unchanged scenario even two and a half decades post the original EEA’s introduction, stating, “the landscape remains virtually unaltered.”

 employment services

Here’s an in-depth look at this revolutionary law and the fervent discussions it has instigated.

What does the law say?

The revised EEA pertains primarily to “designated employers”, defined as businesses employing more than 50 individuals. Such businesses are obligated to furnish plans which outline the demographics of their operational zones and illustrate how they intend to meet the outlined equity benchmarks.

Previously, it was up to the employers to define their own diversity objectives and subsequently provide updates to the labour department about their progress in cultivating a diverse workplace.

With the amendment in place, the responsibility now lies with the minister of employment and labour. The minister will earmark specific industries that warrant transformation and establish a “quantitative goal” to ensure racial inclusivity. Employers will be bound by these set targets.

An additional mandate requires companies aiming to partner with the government to present an affirmation certificate from the labour department, attesting to their compliance with the EEA provisions. It’s worth noting, however, that this act exempts national security and intelligence sectors.

Citing the construction sector, the human capital consultancy, Insights, illustrated the law’s impact. The set goal for “professionally certified Africans” in the field is projected at 65.2% over the forthcoming five years, marking a substantial leap from the present 46.9%.

While the objective of these “equity benchmarks” is to champion the representation of historically marginalized communities, the challenges posed by a contracting economy mean reaching these ambitious goals may be formidable, as observed by Insights.

What are the criticisms?

The Democratic Alliance (DA), South Africa’s leading opposition party, has voiced stern objections to the legislation, condemning it as an imposition of “race-based benchmarks” on businesses that, they argue, could detrimentally impact the nation’s economy. This discontent was palpable as DA members organized a march to the Cape Town parliament in protest.

Describing the act as a hasty political maneuver by the ruling African National Congress (ANC) in anticipation of the 2024 elections, Michael Cardo, the DA’s representative for employment and labour, expressed skepticism about the law’s overarching effects.

The party has raised alarms about potential job losses stemming from the act’s enforcement, predicting the displacement of around 220,000 white, 85,000 coloured, and 50,000 Indian individuals in Gauteng – the industrial heart of the nation – over the ensuing five years.

Amid an unemployment rate affecting almost one-third of South Africa’s 60 million citizens, coupled with escalating living costs and recurrent power outages, the economic strain, particularly on Black communities, is palpable.

The Institute of Race Relations, a prominent research entity, posits that racial-centric policies have fallen short in alleviating poverty. Instead, they advocate for an employment model that prioritizes skills.

Moreover, Solidarity, a trade union predominantly representing white members, has rallied major South African corporations to voice their dissent against this “new racial mandate”, claiming it risks turning South Africa into the globe’s most racially restricted nation.

Confusion regarding the law’s practical application is also evident. Following the Department of Water and Sanitation’s unveiling of guidelines around Black South African shareholder prerequisites for water license applications, there were concerns from agricultural sectors about potential threats to food stability.

However, Sipho Skosana, overseeing water distribution, clarified that the majority of South Africa’s water resources were already designated, meaning the new rules wouldn’t pertain to them. Yet, he highlighted a stark disparity in water distribution, with a vast majority controlled by white irrigators. Skosana remarked on the urgency of redressing this imbalance, emphasizing that it’s untenable for the majority to have such limited access to crucial developmental resources.

What do supporters of the law say?

South Africa’s administration, backed firmly by the ANC, stands resolute in its belief that the updated legislation aims not at inducing job redundancies but at fostering a more balanced representation within the professional sphere.

Upon the law’s ratification by the president, Thulas Nxesi, the Minister of Employment and Labour, dispelled concerns about its potential ramifications. He emphasized, “There’s no concrete data to suggest that introducing sector-specific equity objectives would inadvertently impact employment dynamics.”

The Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), a predominant labor federation in the nation, echoes this sentiment, extending its robust endorsement to the revised EEA.

Matthew Parks, COSATU’s liaison for parliamentary affairs, articulated the urgency of the situation, pressing the Department of Employment and Labour to swiftly operationalize these much-anticipated regulatory clauses. The union perceives the amendment as a pivotal measure to bolster the state’s supervisory capacity over employers.

Labor law specialist from Cape Town, Frans Rautenbach, highlights the fundamental intent behind both the original and amended EEA. He asserts, “Its primary objective is to ensure that Black employees are provided with equitable prospects and that there’s a true reflection of demographic diversity. An employer, by genuinely and earnestly embracing affirmative measures in accordance with the delineated procedures, adheres to the Act’s mandate.”

However, Gilad Isaacs, at the helm of the Institute for Economic Justice, underscores a prevalent corporate mindset fixated primarily on profit augmentation and shareholder dividends. Such a focus often sidelines the kind of diverse inclusion that the EEA champions, necessitating the recent adjustments.

Isaacs observes a general corporate aversion to any policy shifts emphasizing “equity benchmarks” or advocating affirmative recruitment and diversity initiatives. He believes the EEA plays a pivotal role in redefining corporate stewardship.

Addressing the increasing global pattern of job subcontracting and transient employment, Isaacs comments on the diminishing sense of corporate accountability. In his words, corporations have gravitated to a paradigm wherein employee well-being is sidestepped in favor of mere skill acquisition.

Issacs, in his dialogue with Al Jazeera, emphasized the imperative for robust norms steering long-term investments and a proactive governance ready to navigate such complexities.

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CAF Unveils 2026 FIFA World Cup Qualification Structure

  • For the 2026 FIFA World Cup qualification, countries from Africa will be grouped into nine clusters, each containing six nations.
  • This edition of the World Cup will be unique, marking the debut of a 48-team lineup.
  • The tournament will be co-hosted by Canada, the United States, and Mexico.

The Confederation of African Football (CAF) has announced a new format for the 2026 World Cup qualifiers, which involves dividing its 54 member countries into nine groups of six.

The top team from each group will secure a spot at the inaugural World Cup with 48 participating teams. This tournament will be jointly held by the United States, Canada, and Mexico. By contrast, the 2022 edition in Qatar featured 32 teams.

The four most impressive second-placed teams will advance to a playoff round. The victorious sides from this stage will then participate in an inter-confederation showdown, battling for two coveted World Cup slots.

Following a CAF executive committee gathering in Algeria, the organization declared that the qualification draw is set to take place in Cotonou, Benin on 12 July.

The initial pair of 10 scheduled matchdays is penciled in for 13-21 November this year. Subsequent matchdays are spread across 3-11 June, 17-25 March, 1-9 September, and 6-14 October of 2025.

The period between 10-18 November in 2025 has been earmarked for the pivotal four-team playoffs. Winners of these playoffs will compete alongside two nations from North and Central America, and one each from Asia, Oceania, and South America.

Morocco carved a niche for themselves in the annals of football history during the Qatar World Cup, emerging as the first semi-finalists from Africa. Their journey saw them succumb to France 2-0 in the semi-final and face a narrow 2-1 defeat to Croatia in the third-place tie.

In related news, CAF has declared that the 2023 Africa Cup of Nations draw, set to take place in Ivory Coast, is slated for 12 October.

Already, four qualification rounds have occurred, with two more anticipated on 12-20 June and 4-12 September.

Besides Ivory Coast, who qualify automatically as the hosts, nations including Algeria, Burkina Faso, Morocco, Senegal, South Africa, and Tunisia have confirmed their spots, leaving 17 still open.

Turning attention to club football, CAF has revealed an uptick in prize money for the Champions League and the Confederation Cup, Africa’s answer to the UEFA Europa League.

The Champions League victors will receive a whopping $4 million, a significant leap from last season’s $2.5 million. Runners-up will be awarded $2 million, and the semi-finalists will earn $1.2 million.

The Confederation Cup champions will pocket $2 million, marking an increment of $750,000. Runners-up will take home $1 million, while the semi-finalists will get $750,000.

Egypt’s Al Ahly, a team boasting a record 10 victories, has secured a spot in the two-leg Champions League final. They await the winner between South Africa’s Mamelodi Sundowns and Morocco’s Wydad Casablanca.

Additionally, Young Africans from Tanzania and USM Alger have earned their spots in the Confederation Cup finale.

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Food and Beverage

9 South African Food Dishes You Must Try, So Delicious!

South Africa is a country located in the southern part of the African continent. The country that once hosted the World Cup is not only able to present its stunning culture and tourism. Instead, the cuisine is no less delicious and appetizing.

Just like other countries on the African continent, this area is famous for having many and varied types of animals and plants. Therefore, processed foods from African natural resources are certainly very varied and interesting to listen to and enjoy.

For those of you who are interested in knowing what South African specialties are, here are nine lists.

*Warning: these 9 food lists are subjective and please don’t drool from hunger to see these delicious foods, haha. The bigger the number here does not indicate a better food, but only as a marker.

1. Vetkoek and mince.

Vetkoek and mince

This menu is a typical South African fried cake filled with minced meat.

2. Boerewors


This one menu looks like sausage made from minced meat with various spices.

3. Biltong

Biltong South Africa

This preparation is made from dried meat which is added with spices.

4. Chakalaka


It looks like curry, but this soup menu consists of various vegetables and of course spicy taste.

5. Tomato brandies


This menu is famous for its long processing process, especially with the use of various spices. The filling is also in the form of pumpkin, tomatoes, green beans, and various vegetables.

6. Sosatie


This food at first glance looks like a kebab satay, but the taste is still typical of African spices. The meat used can also be chicken, goat, or beef with apricots which are also grilled together

7. Mopane caterpillar

Mopane caterpillar south africa food

Although fairly extreme, this type of caterpillar is one of the popular ones to eat as a snack or an ingredient on a vegetable menu after the caterpillar is dried.

8. Melktert


This menu is more suitable to be called a custard tart preparation with a soft texture and sweet taste.

9. Bobotie


Read Also: Travelling To Garden Route & Klein Karoo With Ocean View Tours

Made from beef, bread, and seeds, this dish looks like a delicious pie that can be eaten with warm rice.

As we know, eating or just snacking is a fun activity if we do it while doing other activities. Usually, we eat while watching movies, football matches, movies, series, singing in bars, barbecues, or even playing online gambling. To play online gambling, you can go directly to Judisakti as a recommendation from us in addition to 9 South African foods.

Of course, everyone’s taste is different because the nature of taste itself is subjective and it is very possible that our choice here is subjective. However, we have selected some of the best and most famous culinary options in this South African country.

It’s quite possible that there are other great food options that haven’t been on our list. Therefore, we encourage our readers to share their thoughts in the comments section on other delicious dishes in South Africa.

Well, those are some typical South African preparations that are ready to arouse your taste buds. Which one fits best on the tongue?

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South Africa’s Diplomatic Tightrope in the Ukraine-Russia Conflict

Despite the global outcry against Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Pretoria maintains a neutral stance, emphasizing dialogue as the path forward.

This decision was further underscored when South Africa announced its military exercises next month, named ‘Mosi’ – meaning “Smoke” in Tswana – with Russia and China. A move that has drawn criticism from the US.

These exercises, set to occur off the South African coast between February 17 and 27, coincide with the first anniversary of Russia’s actions in Ukraine.

The White House expressed its reservations, with press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre stating the US’s concerns about countries exercising with Russia amidst the ongoing conflict.

Following a meeting between Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and South African Foreign Minister Naledi Pandor in Pretoria, South Africa defended its decision. According to Pandor, military exercises are standard international practices, and countries shouldn’t feel compelled to choose specific partners.

Decoding South Africa’s Neutral Position in the War

Though the conflict began nearly a year ago with Russia’s military entrance into Ukraine, South Africa has been cautious in its diplomatic responses. Their abstention from two significant UN votes regarding Russia’s actions in Ukraine indicates their careful approach.

Foreign Minister Pandor has stated that South Africa sees diplomacy, dialogue, and adherence to the UN Charter’s principles as the only way forward. Despite this, President Cyril Ramaphosa has pointed to NATO’s actions as a potential catalyst for the conflict.

Historical Links: The South Africa-Russia Connection

The ties between Pretoria and Moscow trace back to the days of apartheid in South Africa. Many ANC leaders, during their struggle against apartheid, had connections to Moscow – some even receiving their education or military training in the Soviet Union.

The Soviet Union’s support for the liberation movement starkly contrasted Western nations like the US, who branded the ANC and even Nelson Mandela as “terrorists.”

Furthermore, South Africa’s alignment with the Non-Aligned Movement, which avoids taking sides with any major superpowers, further elucidates their stance on global conflicts.

Broader Diplomatic and Economic Relationships

Beyond historical ties, both countries are members of the BRICS consortium, aimed at fostering stronger trade and security relations. Trade between the two nations is also significant, with figures from 2020 showcasing the robust economic partnership.

Domestic Response to South Africa’s Position

While the government adopts a neutral stance, not everyone at home agrees. Renowned entities like the foundation of late Archbishop Desmond Tutu labeled the naval exercises as “disgraceful.”

The main opposition party, the Democratic Alliance, has called for a more definitive position supporting Kyiv. Their leader, John Steenhuisen, emphasized the potential economic repercussions of the war and visited Ukraine for a fact-finding mission.

In conclusion, South Africa’s position in the Russia-Ukraine war is informed by a blend of historical ties, diplomatic philosophies, and contemporary economic relationships. While it treads a careful line in global politics, the domestic landscape showcases diverse opinions on the matter.

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Ocean View Tours

Description of Full & Half Day Tours at Cape Town and Surrounds from Ocean View Tours

Some of our suggestions for day tours are:

Cape Peninsula tour: Enjoy the wonderfully scenic route via Hout Bay and Chapman’s Peak Drive to the most south-westerly point of Africa : Cape of Good Hope. There are several opportunities for leisurely walks at the Cape Point: to the old lighthouse at 249m above sea level or the new lighthouse at the very end of the peninsula. We return towards Cape Town along the False Bay Coast with an opportunity to stop at Boulder’s Beach to admire the African Penguin Colony.

cape town 2 African Penguin Colony at Cape Town cape town

Winelands tour: A tour of the wine regions such Stellenbosch, Franschhoek and Paarl gives you the opportunity to do some winetasting and visit well-known and also not so well known wine cellars, that might just surprise you. If you are interested in the production of wine you might enjoy a cellar tour, if you would like to know more about the history of the wine regions there are museums and manor houses one can visit. There are so many wine estates and wine farms in the Cape that one could do wine tasting every day of the year and still not have visited every wine producer.

Winelands tour from Ocean View Tours Winelands tour from Ocean View Tours 2

Table Mountain and Cape Town city tour: Cape Town is called the mother city of South Africa as it is the oldest city in the country. Experience the history from the Dutch East India Company to the liberation speech of Nelson Mandela. Wander along the bustling pedestrian zone lined with street vendors and musicians while Table Mountain watches over you. To get a better overview of the city we can take the cable car up Table Mountain (weather permitting) or take in the fantastic view from Signal Hill. We can also explore the beautiful Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens which are on the other side of Table Mountain.

city13 cape13 city11

Hermanus Day tour: This tour is popularly known as the ” Whale Route “, as there is a good chance to see whales along these coastal roads and in Walker Bay during the winter and spring months, but this excursion has a lot to offer – even when there are no whales to admire. During our drive to Hermanus the view from the 400 m high Sir Lowry’s pass over the False Bay is breathtaking. Walker Bay is yet another wine growing area and for wine lovers it will be interesting to compare this most southerly wine area of Africa with the well-known regions of Stellenbosch. On our way back towards Cape Town we can take a walk in the Harold Porter Botanical gardens before taking the scenic coastal road back to Cape Town!

West Coast tour: Escape the hustle and bustle of the city and explore the vast tranquil space of the West Coast beaches. You can swim in the Lagoon at Langebaan, enjoy wine tasting at Darling or Malmesbury, find out more about prehistoric South Africa at the West Coast Fossil Park and admire the beautiful spring flowers in the West Coast National Park (usually August/ September). During the winter/ spring months there is also a possibility of seeing whales in the lagoon or along the coast.

For rates and further information please contact Karin Muecke at

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Ocean View Tours

Travelling To Garden Route & Klein Karoo With Ocean View Tours

The Garden Route is one of the most popular recreational areas of South Africa – not just for overseas visitors but also for locals. There are so many beautiful areas to explore that one needs at least 3 nights to appreciate the most popular attractions. Here is what the Garden Route has to offer:

  • Visit the southern tip of Africa and see where the Oceans meet at Cape Agulhas
  • Historic Post Office Tree, Shell and Diaz Museum at Mossel Bay
  • Tranquil steam train ride on the Outeniqu Tjoe Choo train between George and Knysna
  • A wonderful boat trip on the Knysna lagoon with a splendid view of the Knysna Heads
  • A visit to the quaint Knysna Waterfront with opportunity to indulge in the locally grown oysters and other seafood
  • A Boat trip to see dolphins, seals and perhaps also whales from Plettenberg Bay
  • A lovely walk in the Robberg Nature Reserve in Plettenberg Bay
  • A visit of a monkey sanctuary at Kurland
  • A walk in the beautiful indigenous forests of the Tsitsikamma
  • An insight into the breeding and farming of ostriches at Oudtshoorn
  • A visit of the beautiful Cango Caves in the Swartberge

For rates and further information please contact Karin Muecke at

Cape Agulhas Cape Agulhas

Mossel Bay Mossel Bay

Train at Outeniqua Tjoe Choo Train at Outeniqua Tjoe Choo

Knysna Lagoon Knysna Lagoon

Knysna Waterfront Knysna Waterfront

Dolphins watching from boat at Plettenberg Bay Dolphins watching from boat at Plettenberg Bay

Robberg Nature Reserve Robberg Nature Reserve

Monkey Sanctuary at Kurland Monkey Sanctuary at Kurland

Tsitsikamma Tsitsikamma

Ostriches at Oudtshoorn Ostriches at Oudtshoorn

Cango Caves in the Swartberge Cango Caves in the Swartberge

Read This: Description Of Full & Half Day Tours At Cape Town And Surrounds From Ocean View Tours

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South Africa

Ending The Ambiguity: What Is The Capital Of South Africa?

Johannesburg, Cape Town, Pretoria Or Any Other South African (Capital) City… What Is It Exactly?

What is the capital of South Africa? A frequently asked question that few people answer correctly. Most people mention Johannesburg as the capital of South Africa, only to question whether it wasn’t Cape Town after all. Or Pretoria? Or really Johannesburg…? provides clarity once and for all to the question: what is the capital of South Africa?

First of all: it is not entirely surprising that there is a lack of clarity about which city exactly is the South African capital. The answer to the question is complicated because South Africa has not one, but three capitals: Pretoria, Cape Town and Bloemfontein. Why South Africa has three capitals? This is because South Africa’s polity is based on the Trias Politica– the doctrine of the three powers – of the French philosopher Charles de Montesquieu. It means that the legislative, administrative and judicial powers are distributed across the country.

A piece of South African history precedes this. In this context, it begins in 1910, when the Union of South Africa is proclaimed, consisting of four provinces: the British Cape Province and Natal, and the Dutch Orange Free State and Transvaal Province. Due to disagreements between the British and the Dutch about what exactly should be the capital of this new Union, they decide to designate three capitals of the South African Union: Cape Town, Pretoria and Bloemfontein and officially control the Union among the three cities. to divide. The division is established by law.

Even when the Union was officially proclaimed the Republic of South Africa in 1961, the three-capital system remained intact and has remained so to this day. With a small side note: the ANC has been calling for some time that it would like to end the division and designate Pretoria as the universal capital of South Africa. For the time being, the three powers are divided over the following South African capitals.

1. Pretoria: Administrative Power Of South Africa

The city of Pretoria acts as the administrative (executive)capital of South Africa. The Union Buildings in Pretoria is where the administrative power – the President of South Africa and the Vice-President – ​​resides and is also the headquarters for (many) ministries and foreign embassies. Pretoria is also where the President of South Africa receives domestic and foreign guests.

More about Pretoria

Pretoria is a city located in Gauteng Province and part of Tshwane Municipality. Confusion about the name Pretoria is common as the name was supposed to change from Pretoria to Tshwane in early 2014, but that has not happened to date (May 2014). The city is also called Jacaranda City in addition to Pretoria and Tshwane. The city owes this latter nickname to the thousands of jacaranda trees that adorn the city’s streets. According to the latest Census count (2011), Pretoria has almost 750,000 inhabitants.

2. Cape Town: South Africa’s legislature

Cape Town, the second largest city in South Africa after Johannesburg, is the legislativecapital of South Africa. This means that the national parliament is located in Cape Town – in the so-called Tuynhuys on the Company’s Garden. The South African national parliament consists of the National Assembly (NA), comparable to the House of Representatives in the Netherlands, and the National Council of Provinces (NCOP), which can be compared to the Dutch Senate.

More about Cape Town

Cape Town is the capital of the Western Cape Province and is called Cape Town in English while the Xhosa name for the city is iKapa. Because of its somewhat ‘laidback’ character, the city is sometimes jokingly referred to as ‘Sleeping Town’. Cape Town is also affectionately known as Mother City. Cape Town has the most inhabitants after Johannesburg: according to the last census (2011), the city has more than 3.7 million people, spread over Greater Cape Town.

3. Bloemfontein: Judiciary of South Africa

The third capital of South Africa is Bloemfontein; the capital of the Free State Province. This is where South Africa’s judiciary is located. Here you will find the South Africa Supreme Court.

More about Bloemfontein

With more than 250 thousand inhabitants (source: Census 2011), Bloemfontein has the smallest population of the three capitals of South Africa. The city is the capital of the Free State province, and is nicknamed The City of Roses. The city owes this nickname to the abundance of roses and the Rose Festival of the same name that is held annually. In the Sotho language, the city is called Mangaung, literally meaning ‘home of cheetahs’.

In short: no, Johannesburg is not the capital of South Africa!

Contrary to popular belief, Johannesburg is not the capital – not even ‘one of the’ – of South Africa. Although Johannesburg is by far the largest city in the country in terms of population and it is also the economic trading center, the city has no official status. However, this does not mean that Johannesburg is not a special city with many sights, according to our Top 10 must-see & do in Johannesburg.

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South Africa

A Brief History and Journey of Apartheid Politics in South Africa

As human beings who live side by side on earth, it is an obligation to maintain a sense of unity and mutual respect. Never look at someone from ethnicity, race, religion, skin color, to physical form. Do you know that in South Africa there was a politics of skin color difference?

Before going into the story of this political journey, let’s find out first, what is Apartheid? Take a look at the photo of the South African national football team below.

South Africa National Football Team

Yup. Skin color. You don’t get me wrong, you know, in South Africa there are many citizens who have white skin. In fact, the country on the African continent is synonymous with black skin.

Since the abolition of apartheid politics, skin color is no longer a problem. That is, apartheid politics is a politics of skin color differences. How did this political journey begin?

Initially, in 1652, the Boers (Dutch) began to colonize South Africa and control its natural resources. The existence of the Boers was disturbed by the arrival of the British who had the same goal. There was the Boer War in 1899-1902, and at that time the British won and established a dominion state (a special country with a British constitution), namely the Union of South Africa.

The indigenous tribes who inhabited South Africa, namely the Bantu Tribe, received bad treatment from the British. Through Prime Minister Daniel Francois Malan, racism against black people was legalized.

Well, this legalization is called Apartheid Politics. The reason for implementing this policy is because white people feel that they are a superior race.

Black people don’t stay silent. They gave resistance by forming a modern organization, namely the African National Congress (ANC). The ANC is a political party formed to defeat white political domination in 1952 under the leadership of Nelson Mandela.

Nelson Mandela

In 1955, the ANC formed a coalition of people of color (yellow skin) with the aim of cooperating with other opposition to make it stronger. The coalition succeeded in launching a freedom charter which later became the next ANC struggle program.

In 1970, the international community succeeded in pressuring the new government under the leadership of Prime Minister Pieter Willem Botha which eventually carried out several reforms in politics and legislation.

Unfortunately, Botha did not abolish the Apartheid Act in its entirety, making things even more chaotic. This situation was passed on to the next president, Ferdinand Willem de Klerk, who was elected in 1989.

A year after De Klerk’s appointment as president, the end of the cold war will have an impact on South Africa. De Klerk immediately released Nelson Mandela and abolished several laws on Apartheid. The laws that were abolished by De Klerk at the Session of Parliament on February 21, 1991 are as follows:

-Land act, which is a law that prohibits black people from owning land outside the designated area of ​​residence.

-The Group Areas Act, which is a law that regulates the separation of residences of white and black people.

-The Population Registration Act, which is a law that requires all black people to register according to their respective groups and ethnicities.

In 1994, the first anti-racial elections were held and the result was that Nelson Mandela and the ANC came out victorious. Then, on May 10, 1994, Nelson Mandela was appointed Africa’s first black president. For his efforts, Nelson Mandela was awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize.

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